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An application of the Ncut algorithm, with an open-source implementation (in the R environment).
An application of the Ncut algorithm, with an open-source implementation (in the R environment).
Although the analysis of data is a task that has gained the interest of the statistical community in recent years and whose familiarity with the statistical computing environment, they encourage the current statistical community (to students and teachers of the area) to complete statistical analysis reproducible by means of the tool R. However for years there has been a gap between the calculation of matrices on a large scale and the term "big data", in this work the Normalized Cut algorithm for images is applied. Despite the expected, the R environment to do image analysis is poorly, in comparison with other computing platforms such as the Python language or with specialized software such as OpenCV. Being well known the absence of such function, in this work we share an implementation of the Normalized Cut algorithm in the R environment with extensions to programs and processes performed in C ++, to provide the user with a friendly interface in R to segment images. The article concludes by evaluating the current implementation and looking for ways to generalize the implementation for a large scale context and reuse the developed code. Key words: Normaliced Cut, image segmentation, Lanczos algorithm, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, graphs, similarity matrix, R (the statistical computing environment), open source, large scale and big data.
José Antonio garcia
ATAUDIW - An Authoring Tool to Help Use of the Interactive Digital Whiteboard
ATAUDIW - An Authoring Tool to Help Use of the Interactive Digital Whiteboard
The use of technological resources in education has lead to positive changes in the elaboration of new methodologies, in this context technologies such as the Digital Interactive Whiteboard (DIW) can act by facilitating Learning. The mere presence of the DIW does not guarantee benefits for the student's learning process, that raises doubts about whether or not the resources available are used in a satisfactory manner. In this research it was possible to verify that there are few tools available for the DIW context, and many of them have problems of usability and content quality. Thus, a form of facilitate the content elaboration for the DIW is the use of Authoring Tools (ATs). In order to verify whether or not the use of ATs promotes better use of the DIW, an AT (entitled AtauDIW) was developed to assist the use of DIWs.
Diego Costa
Tensão de saída (Canal 2) e onda de tensão PWM (Canal 1), dados para tensão entrada de 23V.
Tensão de saída (Canal 2) e onda de tensão PWM (Canal 1), dados para tensão entrada de 23V.
Este artigo tem como objetivo relatar e detalhar a construção de um conversor buck-boost. Cuja a função deste é converter uma tensão cc (corrente contínua) de entrada, em outra tensão cc em sua saída, de valor mais elevado ou inferior dependendo de sua configuração. Destaca-se aqui o uso de um semi condutor MOSFET que funciona como uma chave controladora. Na elabiração deste está destacada o funcionamento, principais características e toda a parte de simulação e comprovação prática deste conversor.
Elison Moreira & Leandro Pereira
Una revisión del método Distance Weighted Discrimination: ¿Una mejora de SVM en dimensiones altas?
Una revisión del método Distance Weighted Discrimination: ¿Una mejora de SVM en dimensiones altas?
El análisis estadístico de alta dimensión y tamaño de muestra pequeño (HDLSS) se está aplicando cada vez más en una amplia gama de contextos. En tales situaciones, se ve que el popular método de la Máquina de Vectores Soporte (SVM) sufre de ''Acumulación de datos'' en el margen, lo que puede disminuir la capacidad de generalización del modelo. Esto conduce al desarrollo de la Distance Weighted Discrimination para encontrar un hiperplano separador . En el presente trabajo se revisa y reproduce, con detalle en la derivación y solución de la función de pérdida que se resuelve usando SOCP, del método desarrollado en e implementado en el entorno R\cite{R}. Basado en el trabajo e implementación de se aplica y comparan resultados a conjuntos de datos reales y simulados (en medida de lo posible los mismos conjuntos de datos utilizados que en) Palabras clave: SVM, kernel, R (el ambiente de cómputo estadístico) y datos de alta dimensión con tamaño de muestra pequeño (data High Dimension Low Sample Size).
José Antonio garcia
Diseño e Implementación de un Sistema de Control utilizando MATLAB enlazado a un Autómata Programable
Diseño e Implementación de un Sistema de Control utilizando MATLAB enlazado a un Autómata Programable
En la actualidad, el estudio y análisis de los sistemas de control automático representan un campo de aplicación bastante extendido, esto debido a las imperantes necesidades por mejorar los procesos productivos, optimizar los recursos e incluso para predecir comportamientos, desde entornos educativos, investigativos o industriales, hasta entornos económicos, sociales y demás. En efecto, esto ha impulsado a los desarrolladores a buscar herramientas o alternativas que permitan aumentar las capacidades de cómputo al momento de desarrollar un sistema de control automático. Ahora bien, la instrumentación industrial desde hace muchos años viene comandada por los Autómatas Programables (PLC), dispositivos útiles e ideales para ejecutar las tareas de control de una planta, independientemente de la escala. El presente documento presenta el diseño e implementación de un controlador PID en una planta didáctica conformada con equipos industriales, haciendo uso de OPC y algunos conceptos de la teoría de control. Mediante la herramienta computacional MATLAB se realiza la identificación de la planta obteniendo su función de transferencia, y haciendo uso de algunas herramientas disponibles en este software, se determinan los parámetros de sintonía de un controlador tipo PID, para posteriormente sintonizar la estrategia de control implementada en un autómata programable de gama alta.
Armando Uribe
Measurement of the dynamic viscosity of Canola Oil using a ball drop
Measurement of the dynamic viscosity of Canola Oil using a ball drop
The viscosity of a particular fluid is an interesting parameter that plays an important role in fluid dynamics of that fluid. We chose the common household cooking item canola oil. Using a ball drop, we set out to measure viscosity at various temperatures and create a model for the viscosity of canola oil as a function of temperature, as well as an accurate measurement for viscosity at room temperature. It was found that the viscosity between 0 and 40 degrees Celsius can be approximated using an exponential function and that an estimation for viscosity at room temperature was not very difficult to obtain. The precision of this measurement was limited by uncertainty in lab equipment used to measure various quantities as well as the image analysis software we used and the limited frame-rate of our camera.
Jamie Clark
Simultaneous Localization And Mapping (SLAM) using RTAB-Map
Simultaneous Localization And Mapping (SLAM) using RTAB-Map
This paper implements Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) technique to construct a map of a given environment. A Real Time Appearance Based Mapping (RTAB-Map) approach was taken for accomplishing this task. Initially, a 2d occupancy grid and 3d octomap was created from a provided simulated environment. Next, a personal simulated environment was created for mapping as well. In this appearance based method, a process called Loop Closure is used to determine whether a robot has seen a location before or not. In this paper, it is seen that RTAB-Map is optimized for large scale and long term SLAM by using multiple strategies to allow for loop closure to be done in real time and the results depict that it can be an excellent solution for SLAM to develop robots that can map an environment in both 2d and 3d.
Sagarnil Das
Controle digital de um conversor CC-CC
Controle digital de um conversor CC-CC
Um artigo sobre controle digital de conversores CC-CC tipo buck utilizando microcontrolador STM cortex-m0+.
Ana Caroline Tondo Bonafim, Jefferson Willian França Góes, Raul Scarmosin Freitas

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