How to use axions to shine light through walls

Nicholas Montague
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Creative Commons CC BY 4.0
The axion is a hypothetical particle, introduced by the Peccei-Quinn theory in 1977 as a solution to the strong CP problem in quantum chromodynamics. The axion, if it exists, must have a very small mass, and must be very weakly interacting with baryonic matter, giving it the abbreviation WISP (Weakly Interacting Sub-ev Particle). The predicted attributes of the axion would give it the ability to pass directly through an opaque wall without obstruction, and this is how the ALPS experiment (Any Light Particle Search) at DESY in Hamburg is exploring the possibility of their existence. In this report, we will use matrix methods to reproduce the relationship between axion mass and axion coupling as published by the ALPS experiment \autocite{Ehret, K. et al (2010). New ALPS results on hidden-sector lightweights} in 2010, using their conversion probability to plot the result. Note that all equations, unless otherwise stated, are in natural units ($c=1$, $\hbar = 1$).
How to use axions to shine light through walls